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Bleeding gums, gum recession and infection
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a condition in which the gums and bone around the teeth become infected. Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and turn into tartar. Tartar can cause the gums to become inflamed and bleed. Untreated gum disease can lead to tooth loss.
There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder form of gum disease that only affects the gums. Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease that not only affects the gums, but also the bone around the teeth.
Gum disease is treated by a dentist or periodontist, a specialist in the treatment of gum disease. Treatment may involve scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning of the teeth and roots to remove plaque and tartar. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat gum disease.
If you have gum disease, it is important to brush and floss your teeth every day and see your dentist or periodontist for regular checkups and cleanings. Gum disease is a serious condition that can lead to tooth loss if it is not treated.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
In general, symptoms of periodontitis/gingivitis can include:
- Easily bleeding gums
- Sensitive and red gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Swinging teeth
- Gum recession
If gum diseases are not treated, it can cause the loss of one or more teeth and weaken the oral structure completely.
How is gum treatment done?
Treatment usually begins with scaling to remove plaque and tartar that has accumulated on the teeth and gums. In advanced cases, this is done under anesthesia.
If necessary, soft tissue grafts, bone tissue grafts, flap operation and other surgical and non-surgical treatments can be added to the treatment.
Is it normal to develop sensitivity after scaling?
After your treatment, you may feel that your teeth are affected by cold and heat for a few days and feel sore. This sensitivity will wear off as your gums heal. To keep your teeth and gums healthy in the long run, go for a dental checkup every 6 months.
How often should tartar cleaning be done?
Teeth cleaning should be done every 6 months.
Will tartar cleaning damage my teeth?
No, contrary to the popular belief in society, regular examinations and scaling should be applied when necessary.